Laminate Flooring – Everything You Need To Know.

Laminate floor mimics the look of conventional woods while offering easy installation and lasting durability. At first glance, it may be difficult to identify the difference between hardwoods and laminate flooring. What appears to be a normal wood grain pattern is truly a thin layer of decor paper (a final picture) under a tough-as-nails protective film that is glued and pressed into a high-density backing board. Laminate Flooring comes in numerous wood effects in addition to stone and ceramic effects.

Laminate floorings main advantages are it is simple to install, is very hardwearing and relatively cheap in comparison to real wood flooring.

Laminate flooring can be a floating floor, meaning it does not fasten directly to the sub-floor. Rather the planks are clicked together. This permits the floor to be installed fast and with no mess.

Most laminate floors to-day fit together with a click system with the most popular being the UNICLIC system as utilized by Quick-Step. This is fast and excessively easy to suit. The clever UNICLIC-system has a special shape of tongue and groove. You simply place the tongue of 1 plank to the grove of another at an angle and press down. Their superior and very accurate machined design makes it possible to create a very limited relationship through the installation. The ground could be walked on immediately.

If you are installing laminate flooring over a concrete sub-floor then you will fist should set down a moist proof membrane (DPM). That is fundamentally a sheet of plastic often around 5mm which helps protect the Laminate from water. Together with this goes the foam underlay this acts as sound absorption and also helps even out small problems within the sub-floor.

Many manufactories now provide a mixed DPM and underlay along side a few underlay’s which have better sound absorbing characteristics

The majority of the major laminate ground manufactories now also have runs of flooring that also include built in underlay. This underlay is pre-fitted for the base of the flooring and is usually of sound absorbing quality. You don’t need to install this kind of floor a secondary but you still have to lay down a D.P.M if you are laying over a real sub-floor. (Damp Proof Membrane) first. Navigating To tour laminate flooring pretoria perhaps provides cautions you can use with your mom.

Laminate flooring has seen enormous growth in recent years and has been around in Europe for around 15 years. In 2004 more than 750 million square yards of laminate flooring was sold worldwide this was an increase of 13% on-the previous year. The biggest growth market is in the usa with the remarkable growth rate of 25%.

What’s laminate Flooring Made From?

Laminate flooring is usually composed of four layers:

1. Overlay (Wear Layer)

The most effective wear layer is supplied by the melamine resin, an extremely wear resistant material that makes laminate flooring so hard wearing. This top layer is very similar to the top layer o-n counter or home work shirts but is normally around 400-mcg stronger. This makes the laminate floor extremely resistant to scratches, burns up, dents, spots, an such like.

2. DPL (Pretty Paper) or HPL (Decorative Report + Increase High-strength Paper)

It’s the pretty paper gives its specific appearance to the laminate floor, including highly traditional wood copy, ceramic or stone styles. An essential point to check out for when purchasing laminate flooring is always to comprehend the difference between DPL and HPL. We are going to discuss this latter

3. Primary layer

This can be comprised of either high density fibreboard (H.D.F.). or medium density fibreboard (M.D.F.) That is saturated in resins to create it extremely hard. Most manufactures also put in a moisture resistant resin to-the core. To discover additional information, you may look at: skirtings. This really is essential since it helps maintain the floor protected against moisture penetrating the panels.

4. Backing layer

The bottom level will be the stabilizing layer; it’s this that gives the laminate floor its stability. It is composed of moisture resistant resins

How is Laminate Flooring Created.

This really is where DPL & HPL are different.

In-the direct-pressure laminate process the decorative covering layer and stabilizing layer are pressed together onto the primary layer.

As the laminate process, o-n the other hand, the overlay and pretty paper are pressed onto unique high-strength paper first. If you think you know anything, you will certainly choose to learn about click here for. Only in a second stage is this so-called high-pressure laminate fixed to-the core layer. This makes the floor more resistant to dents etc and a lot more harder.

How is Laminate Floor Scored

In addition to the different warrantees that produces offer and the difference between HPL & DPL another point to look out for when purchasing laminate flooring is industry standard load and traffic types. These are broken into two different types and are the following.


Class 21 Average Hundreds. Ideal for rooms an such like.

School 22 Normal Loads, Well suited for areas and so on.

Type 2-3 Heavy Loads. Well suited for everywhere inside your home (except bathrooms)


School 3-1 – Moderate Loads. Resort Rooms, conference locations, etc.

Type 32 Regular Loads. Offices, waiting locations, etc.

Type 33 Heavy Loads. Big practices, stores, public buildings..